Dutch gay dating
Dutch gay dating
These margins of uncertainty...should represent an obligation on the part of the health ministries and all these campaigns to act in the same way as they do with regard to cigarettes, which they state to be a danger." Finding out the degree to which condoms protect against HIV is important both for HIV-negative people who want to protect themselves against HIV, and HIV-positive people who want to avoid transmitting it.
Condoms are, however, the only method on that list that has been shown to protect against STIs as well as pregnancy.Another kind of study is to conduct a prospective cohort study, looking at differences in HIV incidence between two groups of people according to their usage of condoms.This cannot be a randomised controlled study, but participants’ HIV and STI incidence can be related to their condom use either at baseline or preferably (because behaviours change over time) by means of regular questionnaires and monitoring.In these circumstances, it is easy to see why condoms sometimes fail, even in consistent users.In addition, however, people are not consistent in their use of condoms, and may not even be consistent when they claim to be, or think they are.In one of the most highly publicised statements, in October 2003, the President of the Vatican's Pontifical Council for the Family, Cardinal Alfonso Lopez Trujillo, said: "The AIDS virus is roughly 450 times smaller than the spermatozoon.
The spermatozoon can easily pass through the 'net' that is formed by the condom.Moral questions about condom use are not within the remit of this resource, but questions of fact are, and condoms’ ability to stop HIV is periodically questioned by people opposed to their use on religious or moral grounds.Therefore questions of condom efficacy have to be addressed and misapprehensions corrected.Consistently used condoms provide significant protection against HIV, pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).The degree of protection they offer against HIV and STIs is significantly better than any other single prevention method, taken in isolation, other than sexual abstinence or complete mutual monogamy between two people who have tested negative for HIV.Despite this, the use and promotion of condoms continue to be targets for controversy and criticism, and sexual abstinence and monogamy are often promoted as superior alternatives.