Dating egyptian man
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Also applied to the frozen carcase of an animal imbedded in prehistoric snow".Wasps of the genus Aleiodes are known as "mummy wasps" because they wrap their caterpillar prey as "mummies".
The first X-ray of a mummy came in 1903, when professors Grafton Elliot Smith and Howard Carter used the only X-ray machine in Cairo at the time to examine the mummified body of Thutmose IV.By utilizing current advancements in technology, scientists have been able to uncover a plethora of new information about the techniques used in mummification.A series of CT scans performed on a 2,400-year-old mummy in 2008 revealed a tool that was left inside the cranial cavity of the skull.In 1992, the First World Congress on Mummy Studies was held in Puerto de la Cruz on Tenerife in the Canary Islands.More than 300 scientists attended the Congress to share nearly 100 years of collected data on mummies.The majority of the papyri that have survived only describe the ceremonial rituals involved in embalming, not the actual surgical processes involved.
A text known as The Ritual of Embalming does describe some of the practical logistics of embalming, however, there are only two known copies and each is incomplete.
British chemist Alfred Lucas applied chemical analyses to Egyptian mummies during this same period, which returned many results about the types of substances used in embalming.
Lucas also made significant contributions to the analysis of Tutankhamun in 1922.
Mummies are typically divided into one of two distinct categories: anthropogenic or spontaneous.
Anthropogenic mummies were deliberately created by the living for any number of reasons, the most common being for religious purposes.
The Medieval English term "mummy" was defined as "medical preparation of the substance of mummies", rather than the entire corpse, with Richard Hakluyt in 1599 AD complaining that "these dead bodies are the Mummy which the Phisistians and Apothecaries doe against our willes make us to swallow". The OED defines a mummy as "the body of a human being or animal embalmed (according to the ancient Egyptian or some analogous method) as a preparation for burial", citing sources from 1615 AD onward.